Waste segregation simply refers to the separating of waste types for proper recycling or disposal. There are different ways of waste segregation, mainly based on what type of waste is produced. There are three types of waste: decomposing waste, recyclable waste, and hazardous waste. It can be categorized into about 11 types of waste. In this blog, we are going to talk about how waste segregation is important, mainly in urban areas, and how it can give us a better life.
Every day, people use a lot of resources such as water, paper, power, and food without thinking about where they came from or what will happen to them. When the resources are exhausted or the job is done, it is thrown as a waste, but people are unaware of how the products can harm the human body and their health. The unmanaged disposal of the waste overpopulates pests and insects, increasing the chances of the spread of diseases caused by the species or contaminating food sources for both people and animals. To prevent this from happening, it's important for people to understand the importance of waste segregation.
For populated countries like China and India, where open landfill capacity is decreasing, waste segregation is the best option. In countries like Singapore and Japan, the government encourages their citizens to segregate the waste at the source rather than leaving it for someone else, or let's say, housewives for waste segregation which might be hectic and consume a lot of time.
Nepal is a developing country with an increasing population and pollution is also increasing at the same time. Therefore, it seems necessary to do waste segregation at a source instead of dumping every waste in one bin. We can start with 3 types of waste segregation naming:
The benefits of the waste segregation are as follows:
It seems more important to segregate wastes in urban areas in the country along with better management of the waste by the provision of dustbins, better processing, and plants for incineration, the situation of landfills, and its control mechanisms.