"Sustainability in tourism: Mitigating climate change impact"

Jun 20, 2024
Sujana Neupane


Tourism is one of the largest sectors in the modern world, according to the volume of assets, money exchanged, and capital ownership. However, this industry's heavy reliance on energy, waste management, and other large-scale resources has had a negative influence on the environment and the local populations that surround the facilities. Every vacation spot on the planet has a unique attraction. This may result from the tourist attractions (such as skiing or golf) they offer, from their natural beauty, or from what nature itself has to offer. Each place should keep its charms intact to ensure that each destination keeps its charms. 

This is crucial to keep each destination's charm intact. Accessibility is a crucial component in preserving tourism. Tourists look for other unspoiled or reachable sites when their favorite spots are ruined or rendered uninhabitable. 

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing the tourism industry, as rising temperatures, sea levels, and extreme weather events can damage tourist destinations and disrupt travel plans. For instance, coastal areas, mountains, islands, deserts, and wetlands are all the most popular tourist attractions today. Their biophysical characteristics are susceptible hence making them prone to damage by human activities like diving at coastal shores. This causes erosion and disposal of litter which sometimes is not properly managed. When a tourist destination is physically degraded, the destination eventually will lose its intrinsic attraction to tourists. This results in visitors departing for new places that can be even more vulnerable. 

Many destinations are taking steps to reduce the environmental footprint of tourism, such as promoting sustainable transportation and accommodation and implementing waste reduction and management programs. This has sparked increased interest in ecotourism, also known as sustainable tourism, which aims to engage in tourism practices that are self-sufficient or effective in terms of resource use, such as the use of water and energy, the management of trash, and the reduction of emissions into the environment. Sustainable tourism can also help to build resilience in local communities and support their efforts to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Sustainable tourism includes reducing carbon emissions, preserving natural and cultural heritage, and supporting local economies. The link between tourism and its effects on the environment still needs to be thoroughly studied. There is, however, ample proof that tourism has contributed to climate change.

The following are a few examples of climate-friendly measures or expenses the tourism sector will have to bear: Domestic consumers should practice responsible tourism, which aims to protect the environment, promote economic growth, and uphold social justice even as investors.

Another strategy for addressing the issue of climate change in the modern tourism industry is to address the influence of transportation on travel. High emission of Carbon dioxide is caused by transportation both inbound and outbound.

Reducing resource consumption and waste is done in order to meet the task of protecting the environment by assuring lower emissions, the tourism industry should be able to act aggressively, quickly, and responsibly. 

The urgent need for good development is the main driver behind the promotion of sustainable tourism throughout the world. The diving industry is currently seeing tremendous growth. Many countries with coasts surrounded by reefs profit greatly from diving tourism. The issue that would jeopardize the economies of such rising businesses is the mechanical harm that results from these actions.